|From L to R - Lake Erie, City Ship Canal, Peck Slip, Buffalo River - Connecting Terminal Elevator (left)|
Lyons Elevator (Center), Wilkeson (right 2 towers) C.J. Wells (far right) (click photo to enlarge)
The elevators are of two kinds: those which store the grain and those which merely transfer it directly from lake vessels to canal boat or car. The storage elevators are in principle all alike. Their vast enclosure is given up to huge bins for the storing of grain; machinery for the weighing and moving of grain; in some cases apparatus for cleaning or drying grain; and steam engines to furnish motive power for the whole. The transfer towers have merely the machinery for transferring the grain; they perform an office like that of moveable cranes. The elevators as already mentioned, might be compared to huge mosquitos.
|Marine "Leg" at Watson Elevator - Union & Bennett|
Elevators in Back L to R
They plunge a bill-like "leg" (marine leg-Ed.) into the vessels to extract the grain. The old elevators had one leg, the newer ones have two or three. These legs play within a narrow slit, and can be moved up and down so as to be lowered into the holds of steamers. The leg of an elevator contains an endless belt studded at short intervals by cups or buckets. The leg is thrust a little distance into the grain in the hold of a boat; the belt begins to turn, and the cups scoop up the grain and carry it into the building. First the grain goes into bins where it is weighed in bulk, then it is carried to other bins for storage. The main purpose of the Buffalo elevators is to take the grain from lake vessels and put it into railroad cars or canalboats for transportation to the seaboard. Many of the elevators can unload into either cars or canalboats, some into canalboats alone. The apparatus for emptying the grain from the bin into the canalboat or car is very simple. The grain runs by its own weight from the bin overhead through a tube or chute into the car or boat below.
From this little Dart Elevator have sprung
|Model of Dart Elevator|
End of Part Two,